AffiliationInstitute of Forest Resource Management, Faculty of Forestry, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. 29 Listopada 46, 31-425 Krakow, Poland
Paper titleSmart green infrastructure in a smart city – the case study of Ecosystem Services evaluation in Krakow based on I-Tree Eco software
AbstractIt is common perception that urban greenery does not bring any rational benefits, while profits from real estates are obvious. Therefore, the cities’ green spaces (parks, street trees, meadows etc.) are constantly threatened with housing and development. However, urban greenery plays a substantial role in improving quality of urbanites’ life, which is particularly significant in terms of predicted 70% urbanization rate by 2050. Green infrastructure can improve air quality, remove particulate matters, sequestrate carbon, regulate temperature or protect against winds. These functions are known as ecosystem services (ES). Recognizing value of ES provided by green infrastructure is crucial for urban planning and management in terms of assuring sustainable urban development. In our work we employed the I-Tree Eco (USDA Forest Service), which quantifies vegetation structure, environmental effects and values of ES. The model is based on air pollution and meteorological data along with the field data from vegetation inventory. Requiring easy to collect (e.g. based on LiDAR point clouds) input data and having user-friendly interface, the I-Tree Eco has a potential of becoming a very useful tool for planners and managers in their everyday work. In this paper we present a case study of ES evaluation for the area of Krakowski Park in Krakow city (581 trees on 4.77 hectares, with domination of Fraxinus excelsior, Ulmus laevis and Betula pendula). For the analysed 2015, the Krakowski Park trees stored 436.54 t of carbon, removed 244.3 kg of air pollutants and contributed to 292.45 m3 of avoided runoff. Total value of ecosystem services provided by the Krakowski Park in 2015 was 6 754.27 EUR (11.63 EUR per tree). In our further work we intend to expand the ES evaluation on other green areas in Krakow and on a wider range of ecosystem services.
Co-authorsWinczek, M.; Zięba-Kulawik, K.; Wężyk, P.
TopicSmart cities and regions